Kashmir is the territorial conflict between India and Pakistan since 1947 just after independence of Pakistan. Kashmir issue rises after few week of independence of Pakistan when India try to occupy Kashmir forcibly in the result Indo Pak war in 1947-48 started when India sent their troops in Kashmir while most of the population in Kashmir on the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947 favors Kashmir accession to Pakistan.
In 1947-48 war Pakistan Army and militia from Waziristan liberated the area of Azad Kashmir from Indian occupation but major part of Kashmir is still under the illegal Indian occupation is called Jammu and Kashmir. Peace between Pakistan and India is not possible without resolving Kashmir issue, there is 750000 Indian army soldiers in Kashmir, Indian army atrocities and illegal occupation never accepted by Kashmiris in the result many liberation movements are active in Kashmir, most of which want Accession with Pakistan.
Kashmir is Pakistan’s jugular vein because the ideology of Pakistan and Kashmir is same and very different from India and the ideology is same on the basis of which Pakistan get independence from India and that is two nation theory Kashmir is the region with 70% of Muslim population which clearly shows that Kashmir belongs to Pakistan because all the areas of subcontinent with Muslim majority was collectively named Pakistan at the time of division in 1947 but India forcibly occupy Kashmir in 1947, Pakistan many time rises the Kashmir issue in international community and UN but still waiting for a solid and concluding reply from UN and international community
This issue should be solved now UN should intervene because both countries fought three wars because of this conflict the war of 1948, 1965 and Kargil war in 1999, UN should intervene and try to confront India to leave Kashmir and pull all of its forces from Kashmir otherwise the countries will remain on the edge of the war.